The sanitary installation of a house is the assembly that includes cold water, hot water, sewerage and heating. This has to be conceived from the design stage of the house and will be detailed in the architecture plan. The plumber will check the compliance with this plan. Therefore, at the end of step one, a second plan for the sanitary facility will be carried out.
Principles of operation of sanitary installations
Cold water installations operate according to the pressure principle. If the water source is not the street network but a drilled well, the water will be pumped to the consumers via the pipes and columns as a result of the pressure created by a hydrophore.
The principle of Blaise Pascal’s communicating vessels is also applicable to the sanitary installation. According to this, the liquid in two or more communicating containers has, in the horizontal plane, the same level, regardless of their number, shape or size.
The sewer system, as opposed to water, operates according to the principle of gravity. When pipelines, slopes and pipe diameters are not calculated or built up properly, problems such as seepage can occur.
Steps to designing a sanitary installation
For modern dwellings, the functionality and quality of sanitary facilities are vital. That’s why creating them is done before the actual building of the house. Here is the plumbing checklist:
The architectural plan of the building
The architect or team of architects who design the house design will consider, from this stage, to include in the construction plan and the installation. In the absence thereof, all authorizations and building permits cannot be issued.
Choosing the type of water supply
In the architectural plan will be mentioned the kind of plumbing. This can be done from the network or your own. A self-propelled system involves additional work to drill it to the depth established by specialists, but there are several reasons why it is preferred by residents, including ensuring excellent and constant pressure, but also independent of possible malfunctions appeared on the network of the locality. See more.
Choosing the type of heating
As with water, heating can be done in several ways. The first type involves heating the home from the city network and involving dependence on its operation.
Most homeowners opt for central heating. Although the initial investment is higher, in the long run considerable savings can be made. In addition, this way you can ensure that you have optimal comfort during the cold season. The boiler can also be used to heat the water, but for this you also have other options, such as boilers or solar panels; you can use only one such source or two alternatively.
Warming can also be done with non-sanitary sources such as solar panels, ecological heat pumps, photovoltaic panels or traditional stoves.
Choosing the type of sewer system
Canalization of a house can be done through a septic tank or it can be connected to the local network. No matter which option you choose, it is crucial to consider the ventilation system for this and create a water guard that will prevent the unpleasant odors from entering the home.
Preparation of the installation plan
Although the installation is detailed in the architectural policy of the construction, it will be necessary to draw up an individual plan only for this; this plan will be the final one and will be fully respected in the design and installation of the plumbing service.
The first aspect that you need to consider is to set the dimensions correctly, depending on the water needs calculations for the power plants.
Secondly, it is essential to determine the leakage dimensions correctly, i.e., the capacity of the pipes. For water leakage and sewage, it is of vital importance to accurately design the level differences for proper gravitation.
Be sure to design and place the safety shut-off and drainage safety valves conveniently, in case of malfunctions, you will have to close specific circuits. It is also advisable to consider the design of access doors for maintenance and repair of any facility damage. It is vital that there is a tap between the main water supply and the house; you can mount it near the water meter or along with the hydrophore.
Check this out: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plumbing
At the same time, it is essential to discuss with a specialist to choose the materials from which the installation is made. He will explain the advantages and disadvantages of the materials and will help you make the correct choice depending on the temperature of the water flowing through the pipes, which you use and the hardness of the water.