April 23, 2021

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‘mloko or Myoko’—a Festival of the Apatanis

A person of the important festivals of the Apatanis residing in the beautiful district of...

A person of the important festivals of the Apatanis residing in the beautiful district of Subansiri is the ‘Mloko’ or ‘Myoko’, which is usually celebrated in the thirty day period of March or in other phrases ‘Mloko Polo’. In purchase to celebrate ‘Mloko’, all the Apatani villages of the plateau are divided into 3 important groups specifically i) Hong, ii) Hari, Reru, Tajang, Kalong, and iii) Hija, Mudang-Tage, Duta, Michi Bamin for all social and spiritual needs. The ‘Mloko’ pageant is celebrated by a single of these 3 groups in a unique year while the other two groups be a part of the festivity of the host group the adhering to year, it is the turn of the second group to celebrate the ‘Mloko’ , and just after that the third group, and so on.
about mloko OR MYOKO:
The second excellent community pageant of the Apatanis up coming to the ‘Dree’ is ‘Morom’ which is celebrated and executed just about every year by all the Apatani villages, but ‘Mloko’ is executed by each and every village only a single in 3 a long time. Having said that, a rotation process is there which assures that in the ‘Mloko’ thirty day period i.e. March/April, these is a celebrating just about every year of the ‘Mloko’ pageant. According to the existing process ‘Hong’ celebrates ‘Mloko’ for the 1st year, ‘Bela’ and ‘Hasi’ the second year and the groups of villages which consists of ‘Hija’, ‘Mudang-Tage, Duta, Michi Bamin, the third year respectively just after which once more a new cycle begins commenced by ‘Hong’.
Preparation for the ‘Mloko’ festivals begins around numerous weeks which involves purchasing of sacrificial animals, assortment of hearth-wood and so forth. Having said that, the principal attraction of the ‘Mloko’ is the erection of the poles which infact is utilized for a activity of acrobatics which is executed on strong cane ropes, producing the pole of swing. This unique sport executed throughout the ‘Mloko’ is really preferred among the two the sexes. Sometimes, even the aged adult men and women of all ages exhibit their competencies and procedures. The poles meant for this sport which is known as ‘Bobo’ are carried to the village by the widespread effort adult men of the personal phrases and is erected near to the ‘lapang’. As pointed out in the beginning, ‘Mloko’ is a socio-spiritual pageant in which all the ‘Uyu’ (deities) are worshipped and propitiated. ‘Mloko’ pageant is also celebrated to welcome the introduction of the spring and also to worship ‘Yullo’ whom the Apatanis believed ‘as the creator of gentleman and animals’. It is believed that a single of the ancestors of the Apatani, ‘Diwoo’ celebrated the ‘Mloko’ with the help of the ‘Bunge Lidung Nyibu’. Due to the fact then, this unique tribe commenced celebrating the ‘Mloko’ pageant just about every year. In the ‘Empolo’ thirty day period, the aged individuals of the villages explore with the ‘Nyibu’ about the celebration of ‘Mloko’ and ask for him to examine the omens.
Immediately after the inspecting of the omen is around and identified favourable the ‘Arbu Bado’ is executed and a pink monkey is killed by the villagers. The priest also accompanies the hunting and performs worship in which he sacrifices an egg. Hence, the ‘Nyibu’ continues to chant hymns when accompanying the hunting celebration. ‘Biding Pado’ (the ritual) is executed just after the pink monkey is killed. The oldest human being in the celebration carries the monkey. Brandishing cane leaves and dancing, shouting ‘Hoh….. Hoh’, the procession of the hunters returns to the village. Meals products are collected from just about every house and the members of the hunting celebration are fed with apong, meat and rice and so forth. Having said that, the aged individuals are given monkey meat (Sibi-adin). Despite the fact that the monkey meat is served to the individuals, its head is retained for the ‘Mloko’ celebration. Usually, in the thirty day period of December ‘Nenke Polo’, the ‘Lapang Bobo’ or the personal dwelling are repaired, which is known as ‘Lapang Mudo, Bobo Bodo’. Immediately after the completion of this function, the villagers go the jungle in groups and may well return on the identical working day. Sometimes, they have meals stuffs and stays in the jungle for several times to complete the function of gathering articles and hunting for the ‘Mloko’ pageant.
In the thirty day period of ‘Morom-Polo’, the ‘Mloko Yasa Pado’ is finished. Villagers go to their personal bamboo gardens in groups to reduce firewood for the ‘Mloko’. The owner of the bamboo garden supplies the hospitality to individuals who offer their companies.
Important planning of the articles, function on the fields, restoring of residences and so forth. necessary for the ‘Mloko’ are finished in the thirty day period of February. During the festive time, individuals have to have not get worried about operating in its place, they can enjoy the feasting and merry producing.
It normally takes all over a single thirty day period to entire all the rituals of the ‘Mloko’ pageant. Some of the essential festivals of the ‘Mloko’ are i) Sama Pido, ii) Ugyan Todu (sacrifice of pigs), iii) Tapre Pado, iv) Yajing Gyadu, v) In the fifth group, these are 3 kinds of rituals viz. a) Bunni Yajing, b) Puniyang Yajing, c) Gyotu Yajing
* Bunni Yajing is a ritual in which ‘pork’ is gifted to the closest buddies.
* Gyotu Yajing is a ritual in which ‘gifts’ are presented to Nyishi buddies.
* Puniyang Yajing is a ritual in which the head of the sacrificed animal is given to the tribes who stand by for all help on all celebration.
‘Sama Pido’ is executed by a unique family members of the clan/sub clan on the 1st working day of the ‘Mloko’ pageant and with this the pageant is declared open up.
Conclusion :
In the year 1978, the ‘Mloko’ pageant was 1st celebrated by the ‘Hari’ groups. ‘Sama Pido’ was 1st executed by a human being known as Shri ‘Hage Ado’ for his group. The sacred hearth was burnt for the 1st time on 21st March and it is believed that the hearth should keep on being till the final working day of the ‘Mloko’ pageant when sacred rice will be cooked on it and shared by absolutely everyone.
In the night time, all the invitees from other villages assemble and the Nyibu commences chanting hymns this sort of as “Rilang Talila Zila Kezu lo Lyayu Kazu lo…..”. It signifies that “We are likely to enjoy the celebration, Might the almighty bless and make our merry-producing a grand good results.”