WOMENS EMPOWERMENT By Education IN AGRICULTURAL Techniques –A Earth SITUATIONAL Critique
G M WANI
Federal government of India in its agriculture reforms has initiated a scheme entitled “Assist to State Extension Programmes”. The main guiding principles of the scheme are as:
Ø Reforming State Agricultural Extension.
Ø Advertising and marketing non-public sector to compliment and nutritional supplement general public extension method.
Ø Increase media and facts know-how.
Ø Empowerment of gals via mainstreaming gender challenges.
Ø Ability building /skilled up-gradation of farmers and farm gals.
In this scheme the condition amount training institute of all the states were upgraded as autonomous State Agriculture Management and Extension Education Institute (SAMETI). Govt. of Jammu and Kashmir has also utilized this scheme and upgraded Directorate of Extension Schooling, SKUAST-K as SAMETI-Kashmir vide get No: 341 Agri. of 2005 dated eighteen.eleven.2005. Through last few years SAMETI has developed a variety of training programme for scientific, study and extension organizing of many ATMA districts which consisted of masters training programmes, training of many KVKs, NGOs and ATMA personnel, formation of executive and standard councils of the SAMETI and many others. Various participatory mode of extension activities were performed in selected modal villages. Various Kissan Melas, Kissan Awareness Programmes, Kissan Connect with Centres were set up and publications have been circulated among the the farmers no cost of price tag. Through the last few years a lot of projects have been initiated in consultation with NGOs like Aga Khan Foundation, Border Safety Pressure and other NGOs. Present day Farm Women of all ages Conference has the aims of empowerment of the gals via arranging trainings in collaboration with KVKs, NGOs, Self Support Groups and many others.
The Farm Women of all ages Conference was to be inaugurated by Principal Secretary, Agriculture Creation Deptt. J&K Govt. and Chairperson of Government Council of SAMETI. The conference stressed on the value of gals in Agriculture. As for each the facts from Nationwide Women of all ages Exploration Centre, 43% time of farm gals is put in on the activities of Agriculture. The industrialized nations also have difficulties for the farm gals. In United states of america managerial work are maned by adult men but the work like bottle washing in the non-public sectors are completed by gals. Several rural and agriculture inequalities have been tackled in many conferences in United states of america, through April, 2008. The agricultural inequalities will need to be tackled if we have to achieve social and political empowerment for gals. The details of challenges of gals in agriculture werediscussed.It is felt that the accessibility and control more than resourcesby gals is extremely meager. Consequently a will need for training modules, talent up-gradation.is felt. The conference is aimed at evolving a consensus among the general public / non-public problems for empowerment of gals via agricultural talent upgradation. Self Support Groups shall engage in significant portion in know-how dissemination and awareness.
There have been effective experiences attained in India for eco-pleasant pest management via women’s participation. The price tag competitive farming has been attained in some of the less than developed nations by training gals in agriculture. Social awareness and sanitation responsibilities could be shouldered by the gals extremely conveniently. All we will need is to update expertise and know-how of the farm gals in J&K condition.
Regrettably, like other states we do not have info base on gals challenges in agriculture. Farm implements and reduction of drudgery of farm gals has never been attempted or mitigated in J&K. Consequently improvement of training modules for mobilization of gals to achieve their livelihood via self assist groups is essential. We have many models operative in other states of place. Like Udaipur, Rajasthan exactly where gals revenue has been raised from few rupees to countless numbers of rupees for each thirty day period by channelizing sewage water for irrigation of vegetable crops. Analyze comprising of gals agriculture labourers has indicated that 42% gals desired training in live shares and 44% desired training in veggies. Regrettably neither the social nor agriculture scientists have a info base for J&K out there as on these days. This is why the present training programme has been proposing to construct the info base. In this direction we may perhaps be in contact with Women of all ages Exploration Institute of ICAR. 50 % of the work power in agriculture is composed of gals. It is identified that 43.seven% of the agriculture staff are gals. Tamil Nadu Agriculture University has created a analyze, which reveals that standard sickles applied by farm gals were expanding coronary heart amount and coronary heart beats of the gals more than the restrict of one hundred ten and 40 beats/ minute. On the other hand the KVK Dapoli sickle has been identified to be most suitable for the gals which does not raise coronary heart defeat or pulse amount.
While SAMETI-K has felt that technological empowerment for gals is essential and SAMETI-K is conducting a study via Participatory Swift Appraisal Methods (PRAT). The scientists of the SAMETI alongwith other NGOs and relevant specialists has visited Uri, Sumbal, Koil Muqam, Srinagar, Anantnag and other spots and have organized district strategic options for Kupwara, Baramulla, Bandipora, Srinagar, Anantnag and Budgam districts. The will need of know-how interventions for empowerment of gals have been determined. Education modules have been discussed in Academic Council of SAMETI. Several interventions have been determined in consultation with self assist groups in Sumbal and Uri. There is a will need to actively acquire aid from all the problems like Central, State Agriculture Researchers, General public Funding Businesses, Science and Technological know-how Departments and other donor departments to participate and collaborate with the SAMETI, so that some of the difficulties of farm gals could be mitigated.
We have a poorest of very poor gals identified as fisherwomen who will need an integration for livelihood. We can emulate some of the achievement stories from somewhere else. It has been seen that integrating fisher gals with poultry can assist to raise their revenue. The fish-poultry ponds can substantially raise the revenue of fisher gals. A few these kinds of small units clubbed with poultry-duck could give a yearly revenue of 40-42,000/-. It is estimated that vegetable-fish yield in these kinds of ventures gave 3 to seven tonnes/hac. We have ample room out there all around banking companies of Wular and Jehlum, open up flood channels throughout the metropolis and cities for this venture.
Ours is a fruit dependant economic system. We can gain our farm gals by devising Zero Electricity Great Chambers. Our Post Harvest Technological know-how Division has presently shown and labored on these kinds of amazing chambers on the bases of feed back again from Directorate of Extension Schooling. A small quantity of Rs.5000/- was specified to PHT which has led to effective improvement of Zero Electricity Great Chambers. Several more ventures of trainings for gals, equally unemployed, semi employed, or household wives were planned. We have even choices for performing gals or researching ladies to raise their pocket cash from decorative floriculture products and solutions, agro-based products and solutions, marketing, benefit addition and preservation of Agri-products and solutions. We have attempted a collection of trainings for gals. Some of them were introduced in the conference and narrated their achievement stories. On the other hand, a consolidated banking financial loan – advisory method is to be evolved if these qualified gals could be the genuine business people. Several other challenges to solve the difficulties have been discussed and determined like self banking ventures, assortment of facts method, self education and economic diversification.
J&K Govt. has a variety of programmes, water shed management, horticulture missions which will need fundamentally to have twenty-30% farm gals participation, if these programmes are to be crowned with achievement. Our social – cultural system is more skilled than rest of the place, due to the fact our gals has a spiritual and cultural correct to employ one/third home of dad and mom which can encourage them to be self reliant and self sustained entrepreneur. Several other choices like preparation of mushroom, vermiculture, vegetable preservation, pickle generating, vegetable drying and put up harvest management of all crops and fruits can be the effective training modules for our farm gals. One particular miracles to know that condition like Rajasthan has women’s cooperatives. It is astonishing to know that first women’s bank with Intercontinental assist is in Chandnichowk, not of Rawalpendi, Pakistan, as determined by UNO Team of gals. Azarbaijan, another muslim place with very similar veil tradition is leading place in the globe exactly where workable age of gals (16-57) is nearer to workable age of adult men (16-sixty two). For case in point in Kashmir (Srinagar) exactly where Tibatien gals had a marketing room in Lal Chowk even now exists in Leh. In rural Kashmir most of the fish marketing is in the hands of the gals. Exact is the case in marketing of Singhada. We will need to have trainings and standard services for these gals, so that they can help save and approach their incomes in modern way. It was also emphasised that we really should occur up with assist for household wives, widows and outdated aged gals. The analyze has shown that western model feminization in India has not labored. This is the work of the Ph.D analyze carried out by Scotland Ph.D scholar – Dr. D.Smith who emphasised training of gals agriculture staff inside their villages. Empowerment of farm gals is the only way to direct their political ability. These experiences has been effective in the world’s greatest Islamic State, Indonesia, exactly where it is now a plan that women’s share in political ground higher than the developed international locations. We will have to imbibe illustrations from Hongkong to uplift and put in fish, vegetable marketing activities by gals.
SAMETI so significantly in collaboration with NGO, KVKs performed 113 training programmes for gals through the year 2007-08 which benefited 2278 farm gals.